Skip to Content

Why Is My Caramel Grainy? – How to Fix Grainy Caramel

Caramel is a delicious, gooey treat that can always be put on something. Caramel has the classic flavor of sweet and salty that melts in your mouth. So why is my caramel grainy? Continue reading for a full review.

Caramel can be grainy when you burn the sugar when making your caramel or if you don’t stir the caramel often enough during the cooking process and allowed some crystals to form. The best tip for keeping your caramel smooth is to avoid stirring unless indicated in the recipe. Also, keep a close eye on your caramel once it reaches the amber color stage because it thickens very quickly in that stage.

As with everything in the kitchen, timing and temperature are key when making caramel. Be sure to stir consistently during cooking to prevent burning, and boil for just long enough. If your caramel is grainy instead of smooth, try gently heating it with a little bit more water. It’s important not to boil the caramel too long while you’re trying to rectify its texture; this will thicken it past the point of salvaging.

Why Is My Caramel Grainy?

why is my caramel grainyThere are two main causes of grainy caramel: not cooking the sugar long enough and not dissolving the sugar fully. I recommend cooking your caramel on medium-high heat, stirring consistently until the bubbles start to be more like little plops than big splashes. 

Make sure that you constantly stir while you’re cooking it—it’s a good idea to get someone to help you, as it can be hard to mix and watch the meat thermometer simultaneously. When the caramel takes on a deep orange hue, turn the burner down and keep stirring until it reaches [temperature].

However, with other issues with your caramel coming out grainy, you may want to dissolve your sugar with a small amount of water before adding in your butter and heavy cream. It helps ensure that all of the sugar crystals are dissolved before they come back into being.

Meanwhile, one trick for preventing this is to use a candy thermometer, which will help you achieve the right temperature, so your caramel doesn’t cook too long and burn. 

You should also be careful not to let any moisture into the pot while you’re cooking it—just one drop of water can cause uneven heating and cause the sugar crystals to form. And make sure you’re using only real sugar, as substitutes don’t dissolve as easily.

Why Is My Caramel Grainy After Cooling

Your caramel is grainy because it crystallized, which can happen for a couple of reasons:

1. You didn’t use enough water when you made your caramel. Adding more water is like adding a buffer – it keeps the sugar from getting too hot and therefore from crystallizing.

2. You stirred your sugar while it was cooking. The sugar should dissolve into the water and caramelize, not crystallize. So mix before putting the sugar on the stovetop, and don’t stir again once the mixture starts to boil.

3. You didn’t cook your caramel long enough. The caramel needs to reach a specific temperature to melt all sugar granules (between 300 and 310 degrees Fahrenheit). So if your caramel is not cooking long enough, you could end up with unmelted sugar granules, which will give you that grainy texture.

However, make sure all your ingredients are at room temperature or higher. For example, if you’re using sugar, make sure it’s fully dissolved in the water before bringing it to a boil.

If your caramel is grainy after cooling, try reboiling it to see if that helps.

Why Is My Brown Sugar Caramel Grainy

Brown sugar is just granulated sugar mixed with molasses, so it can harden when exposed to air. Though it’s a little trickier to deal with than white sugar, caramelizing brown sugar is still possible.

If you’ve had trouble caramelizing brown sugar in the past, try adding some water or other liquid to make sure there’s enough moisture in the mix. Sometimes hard brown sugar can be softened by misting it with water and microwaving it for a few seconds.

If you’re using a mixer, make sure to scrape down the sides of the bowl every once in a while so that all of the sugar gets incorporated into the caramel. And if you’re going for a darker caramel, try not to stir too vigorously—you want to avoid creating too much foam in your mixture.

Also, it’s important to allow your butter and sugar time to cook on their own for about 5 minutes before you add the cream. It gives them enough time for any crystallization that might occur in a period where you won’t have any moving parts, or liquid added.

If you want to avoid this problem altogether, I’d recommend using a wet pastry brush dipped in water and regular white sugar (not brown). Brush down the sides of your pot frequently while the sugar is melting to remove any stray crystals that might form.

Can I Fix Grainy Caramel?

You can fix grainy caramel. I have three tips to help you get your soft, creamy texture back:

1. Start over by melting the ingredients and cooling them down again in a very large saucepan.

2. Use golden brown sugar instead of dark brown sugar if you have it on hand.

3. Add ¼ cup heavy cream or whole milk to help smooth the texture out.

For example, if you’re making a batch of caramel sauce with 1 cup sugar, boil 1/2 cup (125 ml) water and add the sugar to it one tablespoon at a time while stirring the entire time. When all the sugar is melted, continue cooking over medium-high heat until the sugar dissolves completely. Remove from heat and let cool before using in recipes.

Can You Eat Grainy Caramel?

Can You Eat Grainy CaramelYou can eat grainy caramel, but it’s not ideal. When the caramel is grainy, it is crystallized. It is because the sugar molecules have broken free from their syrup prison and have decided to become one big sticky crystal. But, of course, you can do a few things to prevent this.

Your caramel might be grainy because you didn’t heat your water and sugar enough at the beginning of the process. If you’re not heating your caramel enough initially, you’re also not going to be able to get rid of all of the water in the mixture before it turns into caramel, which means you’ll be left with a grainy mess.

Another thing that could cause crystals to form is impurities in your pot or utensils. Make sure you’re using a clean pot and utensils for each batch.

Why Is My Caramel Not Turning Brown?

There are two reasons your caramel may not be turning brown: 

1. You’re cooking it at too low of a temperature

2. You’re putting the sugar in too soon. 

Sugar is actually already a combination of sugar glucose and sugar fructose. However, when you heat the sugar, that combination changes into many other compounds, including some with color. 

But those compounds don’t form until you heat the sugar above 320 degrees Fahrenheit (160 degrees Celsius). So if your burner is on a lower temperature than that, you won’t get any of those compounds—and therefore, no color.

Caramel may not turn brown if you put the sugar in before heating your pot. It is because sugar has an affinity for water so it will soak up any water molecules it can find. 

If there’s no water in the pot when you put in the sugar, it will soak up moisture from the air instead.

Why Did My Caramel Crystallize?

The reason why your caramel crystallizes is because of the sugar content. If the sugar doesn’t dissolve in the water before being boiled, it will crystallize and form hard pieces of sugary crystal.

Crystallized sugar has different forms of crystals. Some form large, coarse crystals; others create long chains of crystals. The type of crystallization that occurs in caramel depends on the temperature and cooking time (as well as the presence of additives like butter and cream). The presence of moisture also causes crystallization.

Often, it’s simply a matter of overcooking the sugar. The longer the sugar cooks, the more likely it will turn into a hard chunk with a crystal-like texture.

However, I recommend using a special thermometer called a “candy thermometer” to test the temperature while making caramel sauce, frosting, or other candies. You can use a digital meat thermometer instead. These thermometers typically measure temperatures up to 500 degrees Fahrenheit.

Why Is My Caramel Separating?

Why Is My Caramel SeparatingCaramel can separate for a few reasons>

First, you want to ensure that you’re using the right pot. You want to use a heavy pot with a thick bottom. Otherwise, the caramel may burn too quickly and not reach the proper temperature.

Second, if you are stirring the caramel while it’s heating, stop doing that! Stirring can cause crystallization, which in turn can lead to separation.

Finally, if your caramel is sticking to the pan or spoon when you stir, it could mean that you need higher heat. Instead, it should be bubbling around the edges and just beginning to bubble in the center when it’s ready for the next steps (such as adding cream).

Additionally, If you added the ingredients in a different order, your caramel sauce may be separate due to a chemical reaction. If your caramel sauce has separated, you can use an immersion blender to bring it back together.

Why Is My Caramel Lumpy

As it turns out, one of the most common culprits of lumpy caramel is a stuck-on layer of sugar crystals. Therefore, I recommend entirely dissolving all the sugar in the water before adding the cream and butter. But, if you’ve already done this and are still encountering bumps in your treat, there are a few other things you can try:

  • Make sure you’re using a non-reactive pot (i.e., stainless steel or glass). Cast iron and copper pots can react with the sugar, causing it to seize up.
  • Stir as little as possible once you add the butter and cream—the less you stir, the less likely you’ll be to activate any lurking lumps.
  • Don’t overheat your caramel: the higher your heat, the more likely it will seize up when introducing more moisture.

How to Know When Caramel Is Done

How to Know When Caramel Is DoneThe best way to know when the caramel is done is to see if it has reached its desired color. The color of caramel depends on the type of sugar you use and the temperature. When using light or white sugar, the caramel will start at a very light color and then darken as it cooks.

Another way to tell when the caramel is done is to test how easily it comes away from the sides of the pan.

The goal is to cook it long enough for the sugars to melt and turn to liquid, but not so long that the caramel becomes dark and bitter. If you’re cooking a recipe with a thermometer, remember to take note of the temperature at which your caramel is cooked so you know how long to cook it next time.

How to Fix Caramel That Is Too Soft

Caramel is a gooey mess when it gets too soft, but you can harden it back up by boiling it, chilling it, or adding more corn syrup. 

If your caramel is too soft, put it into a double boiler and bring the water to a simmer. Remove from heat, stir in more cream (1 to 2 Tbsp) until you achieve a softer texture.

However, if your caramel is too hard, place in a heatproof bowl and cover it with plastic wrap or place it back into a double boiler and warm over very low heat, adding more cream or water as desired until you see the consistency you like.


Caramel is one of those ingredients that, when applied correctly, can take a dessert up a notch. Unfortunately, however, there are a few situations when the result can be less than ideal.  Why Is My Caramel Grainy? The guide in this post will help you deliver a perfect caramel.

Can You Eat Grainy Caramel

Homemade Caramel Grainy

Caramel is a delicious, gooey treat that can always be put on something.
Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 20 minutes
Total Time: 25 minutes
Course: Dessert
Cuisine: American
Keyword: Homemade Caramel Grainy
Servings: 4
Calories: 301kcal


  • 1 Pot


  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1/2 cups granulated white sugar
  • 1 cup heavy cream
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract


  • A 3-quart (or larger) heavy-bottomed saucepan should be filled with water. With care to prevent splashing into the pan’s sides, add the sugar and whisk it into the water using a fork. For approximately 6 to 8 minutes, cook the mixture over medium heat. At 320°F, the sugar will begin to melt and quickly turn into caramel. Reduce the heat to low once the sugar turns honey-colored (about 340°F), and cook it for another 5 minutes or so, or until it turns amber-colored and reaches 360°F.
  • After turning off the heat, add the heavy cream, salt, and vanilla extract rapidly but carefully (if using). A mesh strainer on top of the saucepan is a good idea to prevent sugar from spitting over your arms because the mixture will boil up violently. When the caramel is smooth, take the mesh strainer off.
  • Avoid scraping the pot’s bottom as you remove the caramel from the pan. You don’t want any remaining crystallised sugar to combine with your ultra-smooth caramel; there may be some there. Instead, freely pour the caramel into a canning jar or other heat-resistant container.



Calories: 301kcal | Carbohydrates: 27g | Protein: 2g | Fat: 22g | Saturated Fat: 14g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 1g | Monounsaturated Fat: 5g | Cholesterol: 67mg | Sodium: 309mg | Potassium: 59mg | Sugar: 27g | Vitamin A: 875IU | Vitamin C: 0.4mg | Calcium: 41mg | Iron: 0.1mg
Tried this recipe?Let us know how it was!
Follow me